Text References

by | Apr 22, 2023

References to Falerii Novi and the Falisci people of Falerii Veteres can be found in ancient sources. A selection of references to the conquering of Falerii Veteres follow.

 
 
 

Eutropius

Q. Lutatius A. Manlius consules creati bellum Faliscis intulerunt, quae civitas Italiae opulenta quondam fuit. Quod ambo consules intra sex dies, quam venerant, transegerunt XV milibus hostium caesis, ceteris pace concessa, agro tamen ex medietate sublato.
Quintus Lutatius and Julius Manilas, being created consuls, made war upon the Falisci, formerly a powerful people of Italy, which war the consuls in conjunction brought to a termination within six days after they took the field; fifteen thousand of the enemy were slain, and peace was granted to the rest, but half their land was taken from them.

Livy

Falisci cum rebellassent, sexto die perdomiti in deditionem venerunt.
When the Faliscans revolted, they were subdued on the sixth day and their surrender was accepted.

Polybius

ἐξεδέξατο γὰρ πόλεμος ἐμφύλιος Ῥωμαίους μὲν ὁ πρὸς τοὺς Φαλίσκους καλουμένους, ὃν ταχέως καὶ συμφερόντως ἐπετέλεσαν, ἐν ὀλίγαις ἡμέραις ἐγκρατεῖς γενόμενοι τῆς πόλεως αὐτῶν.
For at Rome there followed a civil war against the Falisci, but this they brought to a speedy and favorable conclusion, taking Falerii in a few days.

Zonaras/Cassius Dio

τότε δὲ καὶ οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι Φαλίσκοις ἐπολέμησαν καὶ Μάλλιος Τουρκουάτος τὴν χώραν αὐτῶν ἐδῄωσε. καὶ συμμίξας αὐτοῖς ἐσφάλη μὲν τῷ ὁπλιτικῷ, τοῖς δ᾿ ἱππεῦσιν ἐκράτησε. καὶ αὖθις αὐτοῖς μαχεσάμενος ἐνίκησε, καὶ τά τε ὅπλα αὐτῶν καὶ τὴν ἵππον καὶ τὰ ἔπιπλα καὶ τὸ δουλεῦον καὶ τὸ ἥμισυ τῆς χώρας ἀφείλετο. ὕστερον δὲ ἡ μὲν ἀρχαία πόλις εἰς ὄρος ἐρυμνὸν ἱδρυμένη κατεσκάφη, ἑτέρα δ᾿ ᾠκοδομήθη εὐέφοδος.
At the time under discussion the Romans made war upon the Faliscans and Manlius Torquatus ravaged their country. In a battle with them his heavy infantry was worsted, but his cavalry conquered. In a second engagement with them he was victorious and took possession of their arms, their cavalry, their goods, their slaves, and half their country. Later on the original city, which was set upon a steep mountain, was torn down and another one was built, easy of access.

List of References